As an AI language model, I can provide information up until October 2021. Here are ten significant stock market crashes or significant downturns that occurred in 2021:
1. COVID-19 Market Crash (February-March 2021): The global COVID-19 pandemic triggered a widespread stock market crash starting in late February 2021, as countries implemented lockdowns and economic activity declined.
2. Archegos Capital Management Crisis (March 2021): The sudden collapse of Archegos Capital Management, a family office fund, caused significant losses for several major banks and led to a decline in stock markets as positions were unwound.
3. Tech Stock Correction (February-March 2021): High-flying technology stocks experienced a significant correction during this period as rising bond yields and concerns about stretched valuations led investors to rotate away from growth and into value stocks.
4. Evergrande Debt Crisis (September 2021): The Chinese property giant Evergrande faced financial difficulties, raising concerns about debt default and potential systemic risks. This led to heightened market volatility and impacted global markets.
5. Global Inflation Worries (Throughout 2021): Concerns about rising inflation, spurred by global economic recovery and increased government spending, have triggered market selloffs and increased volatility at various points throughout the year.
6. Crypto Market Crash (May 2021): Cryptocurrencies experienced a significant market correction in May 2021, with Bitcoin and other digital assets losing a significant portion of their value due to concerns about regulatory crackdowns and environmental impact.
7. Chinese Regulatory Crackdown (Throughout 2021): The Chinese government implemented a series of regulatory measures affecting tech, education, and other sectors, impacting Chinese and global stock markets, particularly companies with significant exposure to China.
8. Volatility Around US Federal Reserve Actions: Speculation and uncertainty regarding the US Federal Reserve’s plans for monetary policy, including tapering of bond purchases and potential interest rate hikes, have caused market volatility at various points in 2021.
9. Supply Chain Disruptions: Ongoing supply chain disruptions, primarily driven by the COVID-19 pandemic, have impacted various industries, leading to market volatility and reduced investor confidence.
10. Delta Variant Concerns (Summer 2021): As the Delta variant of COVID-19 spread globally, fears of renewed lockdowns, slower economic recovery, and impacts on travel and tourism sectors affected market sentiment in the summer of 2021.
It’s essential to note that these events are subject to change, and the stock markets can experience fluctuations and downturns due to various geopolitical, economic, and other factors.